Heart disease needs to be detected and treated early to have high treatment efficiency, less time and money. People at high risk of heart disease are the elderly, overweight, obese or have high blood pressure, and these subjects should have regular cardiovascular examinations.
However, young people cannot be ignored because there is no shortage of cases of detecting heart disease symptoms in young people. If at least 2 of the following signs of heart disease appear at the same time, the patient should see a doctor immediately.
1. Difficulty breathing, especially when lying down .
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If you feel short of breath as if something is pressing on your chest or have trouble breathing deeply, you should see a cardiologist. A common sign of heart disease in people with heart disease is shortness of breath with or without exertion. To distinguish heart disease from COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), this shortness of breath occurs as soon as you lie down or go to sleep. Shortness of breath also sometimes occurs at night, when you are sleeping, it is due to a sudden decrease in the heart’s ability to contract, interrupting the process of pumping blood from the heart to the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.
2. A feeling of heaviness in the chest or tightness in the chest .
Often, people diagnosed with heart disease complain of a common symptom of a feeling of pressure on their chest or chest tightness. Patients have angina in the area below the sternum, anterior, the pain usually lasts 10 minutes and often repeats. When chest pain persists, the patient needs to rest absolutely and urgently seek medical attention because this can be a sign of a heart attack. Angina or chest pain in general is usually caused by the heart muscle cells not getting enough oxygen due to reduced blood flow to the heart. In heart failure, because the heart’s ability to pump blood is impaired, blood flow to the organs in the body is also affected. The more severe the heart failure, the more difficult it is for the patient to breathe, even when the patient has difficulty breathing when doing personal tasks or even when sitting down. Episodes of shortness of breath to the extent that clothes and shoes feel tight against the body.
3. Edema phenomenon .
If you wake up with swollen face, heavy eyelids, or typically swollen feet at certain times of the day, wearing tight shoes, etc., all indicate that you are having symptoms of heart failure. The kidneys are unable to excrete salt and water also causes water retention in the tissues causing swelling in the body.
4. Always feel exhausted .
If you feel tired or exhausted several times a day, even after waking up, it could be a sign of heart disease. Unexplained fatigue is often caused by parts of your body not getting enough oxygen because the heart’s ability to contract is impaired.
5. Persistent cough or wheezing .
People with congestive heart failure are when the heart’s pumping function is not enough to supply the body, blood becomes stagnant, called fluid retention. Fluid retention in many organs such as the lungs will cause chronic cough, wheezing, if fluid retention in the liver and intestines causes loss of appetite, nausea, etc. In case of persistent cough, the patient can easily mistake it for a lung disease such as asthma. Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease… Cough may worsen when lying down or just getting out of bed. Coughs caused by heart disease are often dry or have white or thick mucus.
6. Anorexia .
One of the main signs of congestive heart failure is a feeling of fullness all the time. It is caused by a buildup of fluid in the liver or digestive system. As a result, the patient no longer feels like eating and eats less. If you have additional symptoms of fatigue to the point of not wanting to eat, you should see a cardiologist immediately.
7. Peeing at night .
This occurs due to the displacement of water that accumulates in the body causing edema in many parts to the kidneys through the blood vessels. To avoid this phenomenon, patients need to control water intake in the evening or use diuretics in the morning.
8. Heart rate problem .
This is also a common heart disease symptom in young people. In heart failure, the person’s heart often beats at a faster rate, feeling like it’s running or pounding. The cause of heart palpitations is to compensate for the reduced ability to pump blood. Characteristic manifestations such as abnormal palpitations, clearly hearing the heart beat like palpitations.
Patients often present with rapid breathing, irregular heartbeat, and sweaty palms; Many people often mistake the signs as anxiety or stress. Therefore, if you often feel anxious, nervous for no reason, plus one of the symptoms mentioned above, you need to get checked because this is most likely a sign of heart failure.