How to prevent pneumonia after Covid 19.

Âu Thiên Tử
7 Min Read


       The lung damage, pneumonia after Covid 19 is always a matter of concern to most people. After recovering from Covid 19, patients should see a doctor soon if they feel symptoms such as shortness of breath, shortness of breath, impaired lung function, pneumonia…

Covid 19 is a disease that causes symptoms in the respiratory system, which can resemble colds, flu and pneumonia. In addition, Covid 19 can attack not only the lungs and respiratory system, but also other parts of the body. Of these, our lungs are most at risk.

After contracting Covid 19, most people recover normally within a few weeks. But there are some cases of post-Covid-19 condition – occurring in F0s who have recovered from 4-12 weeks and have symptoms of illness that last for at least 2 months. Problems are often related to the respiratory system, especially in the lungs, such as pneumonia. So, to prevent post-Covid-19 pneumonia, what should patients do?

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* What is post-Covid-19 pneumonia?

Unlike some other illnesses that tend to occur only in critically ill patients, post-Covid 19 symptoms can happen to anyone with Covid 19, even in mild cases. or no symptoms at first. Therefore, if the patient, after recovering from the disease, feels short of breath, has difficulty breathing, has a prolonged cough, pain in the chest, impaired respiratory functions, and limits physical activities from mild to severe. … absolutely should not be subjective. This can be a warning sign that the respiratory organs, especially in the lungs, are being damaged, which can even lead to pneumonia.

Doctors recommend that, even though patients have mild symptoms, in the first 4-12 weeks of recovery, infected people should go to medical facilities to be monitored to assess their current health status. Early examination in the post-Covid-19 period will help detect and promptly handle lung sequelae such as pneumonia. In addition, early treatment of sequelae puts the patient at risk of worsening.

For elderly patients with unstable underlying medical conditions such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc., and severe Covid-19 patients: Yes oxygen, mechanical ventilation … after recovering from the disease, if there are symptoms of a lot of cough, chest tightness and shortness of breath, it is necessary to visit the doctor as soon as possible to assess the level and take timely intervention and treatment measures to avoid the serious development of the disease. even more dangerous.

* Treatment direction for pneumonia caused by post-Covid 19.

Checking steps to accurately detect lung injuries and treat them promptly include: Straight lung digitized X-ray or computed tomography chest CT to evaluate abnormalities in the chest and lesions. common in the lungs such as: Organizational pneumonia, blurred glass, pulmonary fibrosis, thickening of the interlobular septum and emphysema… Here, doctors measure respiratory function, gas exchange in and out of the lungs. lungs for early detection of air disorders.

Patients diagnosed with pneumonia, pulmonary fibrosis due to post-Covid-19 and severe severity need to be hospitalized for treatment. Currently, current treatments include: Oxygen, breathing exercises, glucocorticosteroids, anti-fibrotic drugs (Nintedanib, Pirfenidone), treatment for pneumonia, stem cell transfusion or even a lung transplant. Depending on the extent of lung damage, doctors will advise their patients on the most appropriate treatment measures. According to Dr. Nguyen Chi Tuan, Center for Internal Respiratory Medicine, 103 Military Hospital, discovered the following:

“According to a study of patients after being infected with Covid-19, about 33-76% of patients experienced post-Covid-19 symptoms that lasted for at least 6 months after recovering from the disease. About 20% of patients need to be re-hospitalized and 80% of patients need follow-up in primary health care facilities for 2 months from discharge.

* What should be done to prevent pneumonia after Covid 19?

Patients should practice breathing as a matter of necessity, combined with gentle walking and proper nutrition. Accordingly, breathing exercises that help restore lung function are applied first. Patients will be guided by doctors with simple breathing exercises or combined with tools such as rubber balls, spirometers or water bottles. Here are some ways to help limit and prevent post-Covid-19 pneumonia, readers should consult:

– After recovering from Covid 19, it is recommended to walk for about 30 minutes a day, then gradually increase the time of walking slowly, while walking while combining breathing exercises.

– Combine with other exercises to speed up the recovery of the lungs such as yoga and swimming…

Eating a full range of nutrients to help accelerate the recovery of the body as well as the lungs is a simple way to help heal post-Covid-19 syndrome.

– Patients should also supplement food groups rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins such as lean meat, fish, fresh fruits, dark green vegetables, eggs, milk, cereals…

– Enhance fruits such as: oranges, tangerines, grapefruits, lemons… to enhance vitamin C, increase the body’s resistance.

– Patients should stay in a fresh environment, with lots of trees, limit smoke, pollution – the causative agent of pneumonia, lung dust.

– To prevent sequelae as well as post-Covid-19 pneumonia, the best thing is to prevent getting the disease by many different methods.

– In which, readers should strengthen personal hygiene, house hygiene, equip masks, antiseptic water, keep a distance when in contact to limit re-infection.

– Should not smoke, and stay away from secondhand smoke to prevent pneumonia, lung damage caused by Covid 19.

– For those who have no contraindications to vaccination, the Covid-19 vaccine should be administered as soon as possible.

– When suspected of re-infection with Covid-19, the patient should notify the local health facility for instructions on testing, monitoring and treatment appropriate to the severity of the disease. This will significantly reduce post-Covid-19 sequelae such as pneumonia.

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